4 The South African Climate Change Response Strategy

 

South Africa will implement the following strategies in order to achieve its climate change response objective –

  • Taking a balanced approach to both climate change mitigation and adaptation responses in terms of prioritisation, focus, action and resource allocation.

  • Prioritising the development and maintenance of the science-policy interface and knowledge management and dissemination systems to ensure that climate change response decisions are informed by the best available information.

  • The short-term prioritisation of adaptation interventions that address immediate threats to the health and well-being of South Africans including interventions in the water, agriculture and health sectors.

  • The prioritisation of mitigation interventions that significantly contribute to a peak, plateau and decline emission trajectory where greenhouse gas emissions peak in 2020 to 2025 at 34% and 42% respectively below a business as usual baseline, plateau to 2035 and begin declining in absolute terms from 2036 onwards, in particular, interventions within the energy, transport and industrial sectors.

  • The prioritisation of mitigation interventions that have potential positive job creation, poverty alleviation and/or general economic impacts. In particular, interventions that stimulate new industrial activities and those that improve the efficiency and competitive advantage of existing business and industry

  • In order to accurately identify these sectors and the job creation, industrial development potential of these, work will be done in order that the White Paper provides a clear understanding and prioritisation of these and their potential.

  • Prioritising the development of knowledge generation and information management systems that increase our ability to measure and predict climate change and, especially extreme weather events, floods, droughts and forest and veld fires, and their impacts on people and the environment.

  • The mainstreaming of climate change response into all national, provincial and local planning regimes.

  • The use of incentives and disincentives, including through regulation and the use of economic and fiscal measures to promote behaviour change that would support the transition to a low carbon society and economy.

  • Acknowledging that, with the energy intensive nature of the South African economy, the mitigation of greenhouse gases is generally not going to be easy or cheap and that Government must support and facilitate the mitigation plans of, in particular, the energy, transport and industrial sectors.

  • The recognition that sustainable development is also climate friendly development and that that; the more sustainable our development path is, the easier it will be to build resilience to climate change impacts.

  • Recognise that measures taken by developed countries in their efforts to respond to climate change may have detrimental effects on high carbon and energy intensive economies such as South Africa. These response measures may include trade measures including border tax adjustments, and could be reflected in a reluctance to trade in goods with a high carbon footprint. South Africa’s climate change strategy must recognise and address this and also create mechanisms that will give high carbon sectors the support and time to move to lower carbon forms of production.

  • Recognise that South Africa’s response to climate change will have major implications for both the Southern African region and for Africa as a whole and ensure that national responses are aligned to, support and operate as part of a broader regional response. 

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Defining Business as Usual Baseline to Quantify Targets

As discussed in the Workshop, the source of the Business as Usual (BaU) baseline will be drawn from the Growth Without Constraints (GWC) scenario of the Long Term Mitigation Scenario (LTMS) documentation. As such the rough calculation of the total emissions for the defined targets are as follows:

760 Mtons CO2eq for the BaU case by 2020: Hence 34% reduction of this amount brings required total emissions to 500 Mt CO2eq for 2020

880 Mtons CO2eq for the BaU case by 2025: Hence 42% reduction of this amount brings required total emissions to 510 Mt CO2eq for 2025

The suggestion is that these actual figures be finalised (since the above values are rough estimates) and placed in the strategy, or else the specific reference for the BaU baseline in the LTMS documentation should be reported.

cross linkages

Please can we have a section that looks at linkages between adaptation and mitgtaion and recognises that there are many linkages between approaches so as to avoid us only working in individual sectors. even if just a paragraph that recognises links and maybe giving example of links between health and Ecosystem health.

Prioritising the development of knowledge generation

Prioritising the development of knowledge generation and information management systems that increase our ability to measure and predict climate change and, especially extreme weather events, floods, droughts and forest and veld fires, and their impacts on people and the environment

• This prioritization should include not only for measurement and predictions of impacts but also for implementation of strategies to cope with the impacts of climate change.

adaptation priority

Suggested wording under section 4 page 7, point 3 in bold:
• The immediate prioritisation of adaptation interventions that address immediate threats to the health and well-being of South Africans, and the biodiversity and ecosystems which deliver ecosystem services on which their livelihoods depend, and including interventions in the water, agriculture and health sectors.
We also want to emphasize that adaptation although should be a short term prioritization rather the wording immediate should be used and it should be noted that adaptation should also be seen as something we look at as a long term priority not only short-term.
New paragraph to be inserted on page 6 under point 3
• The use of ecosystem-based adaptation strategies, for example, large-scale labour-intensive clearing of invasive alien vegetation in mountain catchments to increase water supply to urban centres affected by drought as a result of climate change, and large scale restoration of water catchments and wetlands to ensure they provide a good buffer effect and filtration service during floods.

Waste Management and its impacts on CC

The Green Paper must make use of a numbering system rather than bullet points as referencing will be very difficult.
e.g. 4.1, 4.2 etc.

The third bullet point must include waste management as an adaptation priority. The Green Paper seem to be bias towards certain sectors due to its obvious impacts. Sectors such as the waste sector has hugh impacts on sectors like the energy sector, water sector and the environment.

The Green Paper must ensure attention is drawn to sub sectors that by there very nature has an impact on CC e.g. public transport. There should be mention made of the maufacturing sector to bring awareness to this sector and all its sub sectors and their impact on the environment as it is this sector that mass produces more complex products like household appliances, aircraft, cars for sale to wholesalers, retailers and then to the consumer.

The eight bullet point: Maintreaming Climate Change in our education system must be a priority

Energy

We could go a long way to achieving our goals for this green paper if we started opening the door to renewable energy and REFIT tariffs for waste-2-energy.Eskom needs to open the market and make obtaining a PPA easier.This would go a long way to our carbon reduction requirements, create more jobs, save tax-payers money and save us from black-outs. Their carbon footprint in this country is sick and we funding some more of the sickness this year.

Waste Management

Waste and/or Recycling - not one of these words occur even once on this section, these issues are just as important as water.Just because a truck picks up your garbage and disappears, doesn't mean that there are not implications. This must be amended in the Green Paper.